Duration – 2 nights and 3 days
Transport – flight and surface
Accommodation –1* or 2* hotel or good accommodation
Tour Code: ATT-CH-006
Axum was ones to be one of the big 4 powers of the world, which manifested in the history of the well known Queen of Sheba, Menelik I, Ark of the Covenant and Saint Mary Zion, Saint Yared and the great kingdom of the Aksum itself. This journey will take you to this ancient old city of Axum, Adwa, the battle field of the late 19th century and Yeha, the oldest historic monument in the sub Saharan countries.
DAY 1 – FLY AXUM
After an early morning breakfast, check in to the airport for your flight to Axum. After arrival in Axum, check in to your hotel and visit Axum, Recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980, Axum is a testament to the rich and glorious past of the mighty Kingdom of Axum (2nd C. BC-700 A.D.). This morning the visit will start with the famous Stelae field with its Axumite stelae in various sizes and shapes. The archaeological museum is nearby and it offers an opportunity to bring context to relics on view today.
In the afternoon, you will visit the Kaleb and Gebremeskel tombs, dating to the 6th century A.D and on the way to town, the Ezana inscription (Ethiopia’s Rosetta stone) is worth visiting. Tradition has it that the Ark of the Covenant was brought to Ethiopia in the 10th century BC by Menelik I and later Ethiopian kings and emperors would proclaim their legitimacy to rule by their lineage to King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Through the day we will discuss the development of Christianity in Ethiopia and its relation to the Ark, and the story of Queen of Sheba too.
DAY 2 – EXURSION TO YEHA TEMPLE AND ADWA MOUNATINS
This morning after breakfast, we drive 50 kms through dramatic highland landscapes of Adwa to Yeha, passing unique Sandstone homesteads along the way. This city was founded at least 2,800 years ago and served as the capital of a pre-Axumite empire. The well-preserved stone temple was built 2,500 years ago. It also served as a center of a monastic Christian community in the early 6th century. A modern church built next to the temple ruins contains some of the ancient temple stones and its treasury contains illuminated manuscripts and crowns.
After touring in Yeha, drive back to Axum but stop at Adwa for lunch and discussion on the “Battle of Adwa(1896) and its significance to the Black World” While discussing, the group will enjoy Ethiopian Coffee Cerimony. Ethiopian coffee ceremony is one of the most enjoyable events you can attend at an Ethiopian Restaurant. The coffee is taken through its full life cycle of preparation in front of you in a ceremonial manner. Coffee is called ‘Bunna’ (boo-na) by the Ethiopians.
DAY 3 – DRIVE OR FLY OUT
After a hearty breakfast, drive out either to the direction of Mekelle or Gondar or fly out to Addis Ababa or other destinations.